|Figures of Speech
Poets often write in special ways, creating a sort of mental shorthand for the reader, referring to knowledge that the poet hopes is shared with the reader. Other technical skills involve the repetition of sounds or making a jarring connection aurally. (These skilled uses of specific language usually do not translate well into other languages, hence are idiomatic (which is not the same as idiotic).) Some of these are:
assonance -- repetition of a vowel sound (often in the middle of a
consonance -- the repetition of final or consonant sounds.
dissonance -- the creation of a jarring in the listeners ear
with harsh sound combinations.
simile -- the use of "like" or "as" to compare
metaphor -- a stronger comparison than a simile, which does not use "like" or "as". Eg. The Lion of Winter crept into Toronto last night, or "The fog comes on little cat feet".
allusion -- a reference to a shared, understood experience, so that
one hint of it create the whole, complete in the listeners head.
parallelism -- is the use of two references which compliment each
other, or complete each other.
onomatopoeia -- the use of a word which represents, aurally, its own
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